Dyslexia: The Facts
The following description is quoted in the BDA Code of Practice for Employers:
"Dyslexia is best described as a combination of abilities and difficulties that affect the learning process in one or more of reading, spelling and writing. It is a persistent condition.
Accompanying weaknesses may be identified in areas of speed of processing, short term memory, organisation and sequencing, spoken language and motor skills. There may be difficulties with auditory and/or visual perception. It is particularly related to mastering and using written language, which may include alphabetic, numeric and musical notation.
Dyslexia can occur despite normal intellectual ability and teaching. It is constitutional in origin, part of one’s make-up and independent of socio-economic or language background.
Some learners have very well developed creative skills and/or interpersonal skills, others have strong oral skills. Some have no outstanding talents. All have strengths.” (Dr Lindsay Peer, 2006)
The BDA recognise that:
- 10% of the UK population have dyslexia
- Strategies can be developed to overcome difficulties
- People with dyslexia are "one of the largest single groups of disabled poeple"
How can Dyslexia affect children?
Dyslexia: Famous Faces
"It was a struggle. It was a lot of work, I had to work three times as hard to get two-thirds of the way."
"I was dyslexic, I had no understanding of schoolwork whatsoever. I certainly would have failed IQ tests. And it was one of the reasons I left school when I was 15 years old. If I'm not interested in something, I don't grasp it.
"I'm dyslexic and when I was six my parents realised I couldn't read and had been fooling everyone. The only way my mum could get me to work at my reading was if she promised to get me an agent."
"I found ways to overcome any difficulties that I had. I would memorize words and how they were spelled rather than try to sound them out. So, I feel as though that taught me that if I want to do something, I just put blinders on and I go forward and I do it. Some of the ways that I overcame my struggles in school helped me later on to be able to focus. (awarded Nobel Prize in Medicine in 2009)"